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Touchscreens Cost 80% Less than a Projector and Whiteboard

Touch Screens 80% lower cost than projector and whiteboardTouchscreens now cost 80% less than the total cost of a projector and whiteboard in the classroom, they are cheaper to buy, easier to use and vastly less costly to maintain.

Total Cost of Ownership - Projector and Whiteboard   US$20,305 (£13,536)
 
Total Cost of Ownership - Touchscreen  US$3,300 (£2,200)
See table below for details
 
 
Comparison of technology and costs

Projector and Lamps

Projector lamp replacement and maintenance is the most expensive and labour intensive part of the ongoing ownership costs of a projector. To have the same 60,000 hour lifespan as a Touch screen most projectors will need more than 30 replacement lamps !

Even with the latest Casio projector with a 20,000 hour lamp life which uses a laser and LED light source the Ongoing Cost of Ownership over 60,000 hours is less but still something like US$13,155 (£8,770) with an initial purchase cost of about US$3,796 (£2,530)

A typical mercury vapour projector lamp has a lifespan of about 2,000 hours (High Brightness mode) or 3,000 hours (Standard mode) which equates to about 2 years of use in a typical classroom, using it 6 hours every day with care. In practice we hear that teachers find the dimming of the lamp during this period would lead to earlier replacement in many cases if the replacement costs were not an issue !

Performing regular maintenance on the various parts of a projector, such as the filters, lens, lamp and casing will ensure that the best quality image possible is displayed for your audience and to meet the stated lamp lifespan, but this is a time consuming, laborious and expensive process.

Digital projectors consume electricity and produce hundreds of watts of heat when in use. This heat must be blown from the projector to prevent overheating and projector malfunction. It is especially important for the life of the projector lamp that this heat is removed effectively since projector overheating is the primary cause of projector lamp failure. Most projector manuals recommend cleaning projector filters once every 100 to 300 hours - a tedious and specialist process.

Projector manufacturers usually recommend a list of things to achieve the expected life of the projector and it's lamp some of which require maintenance that will need time, effort and involve extra costs one way or another. Such a list might include : use in economy mode (i.e. turn down the brightness !), install the projector a good distance from the ceiling to dissipate heat better, let the projector cool down before turning off the power, do not move the projector until cold, do not turn on and off quickly, clean the filter, lamp and projector casing regularly. All these things allude to the fragile nature of a projector and the need for care, attention and maintenance during it's lifespan.

It's worth remembering that during these maintenance operations it is likely that the projector will be moved inadvertently on it's mount and will probably require re-alignment to ensure that the image fills the whiteboard correctly

Interactive Whiteboards

Just how long will a SMART Board™ interactive whiteboard last? Many teachers ask that question according to Nancy Knowlton President and co-CEO of SMART Technologies Inc. . “Most people budget for a three to five year useful life for projectors and PCs, and expect about the same for the SMART Board interactive whiteboard” (this equates to only 6,600 hours based on 6 hours a day 220 days per year !).

It's interesting to note the construction of the SMART Board Interactive Whiteboard. “Two sheets of resistive material are stretched over a large, flat surface and separated by a small air gap. When you press on the interactive whiteboard’s surface, the two resistive sheets touch and an X,Y coordinate is registered”.

Nancy Knowlton says that “Whether you press on the interactive whiteboard’s surface with your finger or a pen tool, very little wear and tear occurs as you interact with content on the screen, because the surface material is made of a hardcoat polyester, which does not wear out or lose its tension over time “. Published data for hardcoat polyester (PET) states that it has good abrasion and yellowing resistance. Typical abrasion resistance for PET is 35 million actuations with a silicone finger (= 810 days or 3.68 years if 2 actuations per second for 6 hours per day – unlikely in reality so the life is very much longer than this but still limited). The bigger danger is from damage caused by hard or sharp objects such as furniture which usually require the board to be replaced.

If a whiteboard marker is used on the interactive whiteboard surface it is almost inevitable that after time the surface will become a smeared grey colour requiring more thorough cleaning than just a pre-emptive wipe with a dry cloth. Advice and various treatments with specialist cleaners are recommended by Smart and others to remedy this situation, taking extra time, effort and materials. Using incorrect or abrasive materials can permanently damage a whiteboard's surface. So there are a number of manufacturer's caveats which identify the cleaning risks and fragility of an interactive whiteboard - not such a tough and resilient surface that simply needs a quick wipe of the glass to remove “jammy” finger marks - as is the case with a Touch screen.

LCD Touch screens

LCD Touchscreens are a very well proven technology with many millions of LCD TVs in operation around the world having a lifespan of at least 60,000 hour or higher, many manufacturers now claim 100,000 hours (mind you 100,000 hours is a life of over 65 years - a little bit longer than the technology has been around !).

LCD touch screens do not suffer from burn-in caused by a static image as was the case with old style CRT screens, but it is possible, but very rare that individual pixels in an LCD screen can burn out, causing a small, visible, black or white dot to appear on the screen. You may or may not find this annoying depending on the position of the pixel. Since LCD crystals are back-lit by a separate light source, if the bulb burns out it can be replaced.

LCD displays have no moving parts like the fans, a crucial part of a projector, that fail after an extended life, especially in dusty classrooms

If we use 6 hours per day and 220 school days per year, 60,000 hours equates to about 50 years lifespan, in reality the technology will move on apace and no doubt we will have some very different options available during the next 10 years or so (the same sort of time frame that projector and interactive whiteboard technology was first made available in schools, peaked and is now in terminal decline)

Power consumption of energy hungry projectors increases schools electricity bills - a typical Touch screen uses less than half the electricity consumed by a projector during it's life, and has ECO power saving features.

Touch screens require no cleaning or maintenance (just remove finger marks with a damp cloth)

The tough and resilient Touchscreen using IR technology typically has a 4mm or 5mm toughened anti-glare glass screen and is almost indestructible – more akin to the windscreen of a car – and effectively has an indefinite lifespan in the classroom. (some manufacturers do not use IR technology and use PET surfaces or similar which probably suffer the same issues as the whiteboards mentioned above)

Another benefit of touch screens is the portability of the software used which is a hidden cost saving. The main suppliers of interactive whiteboards have been very reluctant, in my view, to make their software independent of their hardware. So the enormous effort of creating content for the classroom may be lost when changing schools, or even classrooms, that use a different whiteboard supplier. The beauty of Touchscreens is that independent software is available (usually supplied free with the Touch screen) that can be used on any touch screen or interactive whiteboard. I can see the opportunity for even newly qualified teachers to carry their content and lesson plans etc with them from school to school with a copy of the software. No need to waste time re-creating lessons for different technology or equipment suppliers.

There is no contest between the cost of ownership of Touchscreens and a projector/whiteboard combination, the initial purchase is lower (well – it is if you buy ours) and the ongoing costs for touchscreens are minimal compared to the enormous US$20,000 total life cost of the projector and whiteboard combination – you can save more than 80% of this by buying a touchscreen. Not to mention the stunning performance, pupil intuitive features and usability in normal classroom lighting conditions.

 

Author :  David Edis-Bates

 

Typical Cost of Purchase
Projector and whiteboard
Projector, projector mount, interactive whiteboard, cables, speakers and installation.
Typical supply and install cost = US$3,321 (£2,214)
Touchscreen
Touch screen with speakers, wall mount and installation.
Typical supply and install cost = US$3,000 (£2,000)
 
Total Cost of Ownership
Total cost of ownership = Purchase costs + Ongoing Cost of Ownership (for say 60,000 hours)
Projector – projector life about 5 years, = 2x projectors = 2x US$525 = US$1,050
Projector mount – 2x US$45 = US$90
Interactive whiteboard – life about 5 years 2x whiteboards = 2x US$2,195 = US$4,389
Active Speakers – 1x US$56
Cables 2x US$50 = US$100
Installation x 2 = 2x US$450 = US$900
Projector lamp (life 2,000 hours) = 30x projector lamps = 30x US$300 = US$9,000
Regular cleaning and maintenance = 1 every 300 hours = 200x 1 hour @ US$20 = US$4,000
Electricity for 6 hours 220 days per year Smart board = 1.98 kWh Projector = 396 kWh = US$720 for 10 years
Touchscreen – life 60,000 to 100,000 hours = 1x 55” Touchscreen including mount, audio and install = US$3,000
Electricity 171 kWh = US$300 for ten years
 

A Projector system = 6x the cost of a Touch screen over ten years (Based on 6 hours use per day for 220 days a year)



 

 

 

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